Cyber Crimes and Cyber Laws in Bangladesh:
Now a days Cybers Crimes is a very common term in Bangladesh. Though Bangladesh is a third world Country the number of Internet Users are increasing day by day due to availability of smart phones. As a result Cybers Crimes are also gradually increasing in the Country. To prevent Cyber Crimes Government also taking different types initiatives such as Enacting Laws, Building Public Awareness etc.
In this article we will discuss about Cyber Crimes and Cyber Laws in Bangladesh.
- Cyber Crime:
Generally Cyber crime, or computer related crime, is crime that involves a computer and a network. The computer may have been used in the commission of a crime, or it may be the target.
Dr. Debarati Haldar and Dr. K. Jaishankar defined cyber crimes as such-
“Offences that are committed against an individual or group of individuals with a criminal motive to intentionally harm the reputation of the victim or cause physical or mental harm or loss to the victim directly or indirectly using modern telecommunication networks such as internet (chat rooms, emails, notice boards or groups) and mobile phone (SMS/MMS).’’
- Types of Cyber Crimes:
Cyber crimes can be divided into 3 categories:
1. Cyber crimes against Persons.
2. Cyber crimes against Property.
3. Cyber crimes against Government.
- Problem Areas:
2. Electronic vandalism, terrorism and extortion
3. Stealing telecommunications services
4. Telecommunications piracy
5. Pornography and other offensive material
6. Telemarketing fraud
7. Electronic fund transfer crime
- Cyber Laws in Bangladesh
Information and Communication Technology Act 2006: To prevent Cyber Crimes Bangladesh Government firstly enacted Information and Communication Technology Act 2006 (ICT Act). Government has enacted the said Act to provide legal recognition and security of Information and Communication Technology. Government has also amended the Act several Times.
Information Technology(Certifying Authorities) Rules, 2010: This Rule provides guidelines, advice and information about the factors which the Controller of Certifying Authorities (CCA) will take into account in its operation and the functioning of the Certifying Authorities.
Digital Security Act 2018: On 2018 Government has passed this Act to ensure digital security and prevent crimes committed on digital platforms.
Digital Security Rules 2020: According to Section 60 of the Digital Security Act 2018 Government published the Digital Security Rules 2020.